Recommended jabs for specific destinations

Mexico

Usually advised

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Mexico: certificate only required if coming from infected country or more than 12 hours spent in an airport in an infected country.

Honduras

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever 

Specific details related to Honduras: certificate only required if coming from infected country or more than 12 hours spent in an airport in an infected country. For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

Ecuador

Usually advised

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Ecuador: if coming from infected country.

 For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

To consider

Specific details related to Ecuador: Hep B for volunteers involved in healthcare. Anti-Malarials advised if free time or a project chosen after arrival will be spent in jungle/subtropical zone.

Hep B Only required for volunteers and health workers who may exchange bodily fluids with patients, not generally recommended for volunteers work shadowing at hospitals. Practising health workers in the UK should already have been given a Hep B jab.

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Peru

Usually advised

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Peru: certificate not required. 

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

Argentina

Usually advised

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

To consider

Specific details related to Argentina: Hep B for volunteers involved in healthcare. Anti-Malarials advised if free time or a project chosen after arrival will be spent in jungle/ subtropical zone.

Hep B Only required for volunteers and health workers who may exchange bodily fluids with patients, not generally recommended for volunteers work shadowing at hospitals. Practising health workers in the UK should already have been given a Hep B jab.

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Bulgaria

Usually advised

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

To consider

Specific details related to Bulgaria: Tetanus.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Morocco

Usually advised

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

To consider

Specific details related to Morocco: Tetanus booster

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Uganda

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

To consider

Specific details related to Uganda: Hep B for volunteers involved in healthcare.

Hep B Only required for volunteers and health workers who may exchange bodily fluids with patients, not generally recommended for volunteers work shadowing at hospitals. Practising health workers in the UK should already have been given a Hep B jab.

Ghana

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Ghana: for immigration req. 

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

To consider

Specific details related to Ghana: Hep B for volunteers involved in healthcare

Hep B Only required for volunteers and health workers who may exchange bodily fluids with patients, not generally recommended for volunteers work shadowing at hospitals. Practising health workers in the UK should already have been given a Hep B jab.

Kenya

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Diphtheria Usually recommended only when living with local people in poor overcrowded living conditions. Recommended for travellers to India, Nepal, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda, Malawi, Tanzania, Cameroon. Usually given free in UK on NHS.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Kenya: for immigration req if entering from other African country. 

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

Cameroon

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Polio (Poliomyelitis): spread person to person through the faecal-oral route and by consuming contaminated food and water. A total of 5 doses of polio vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended for countries where polio remains a problem.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Cameroon: for immigration req.

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

To consider

Specific details related to Cameroon: Hep B for volunteers involved in healthcare and Meningoccal Meningitis for long stay or dry season visitors.

Hep B Only required for volunteers and health workers who may exchange bodily fluids with patients, not generally recommended for volunteers work shadowing at hospitals. Practising health workers in the UK should already have been given a Hep B jab.

Meningoccal Meningitis Recommended if staying for more than a month in a high risk area in Africa and living with or spending time in close living quarters with locals. Usually free in UK on NHS, given 2 – 3 weeks before travel.

Tanzania

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Diphtheria Usually recommended only when living with local people in poor overcrowded living conditions. Recommended for travellers to India, Nepal, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda, Malawi, Tanzania, Cameroon. Usually given free in UK on NHS.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Tanzania: for immigration req if entering from other African country.

 For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

Malawi

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Malawi: for immigration req if entering from other African country.

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

South africa

Usually Advised

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Yellow Fever 

Specific details related to South Africa: for immigration req if entering from other African country. 

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

Nepal

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Diphtheria Usually recommended only when living with local people in poor overcrowded living conditions. Recommended for travellers to India, Nepal, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda, Malawi, Tanzania, Cameroon. Usually given free in UK on NHS.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Nepal: for immigration req if entering from a Yellow Fever country. 

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

To consider

Specific details related to Nepal: Japanese Encephalitis for long stay travellers.

Encephalitis For the south of India and Cambodia. First jab 6 weeks before travel, second jab 1 week before travel. Approx. £50 in the UK from the NHS where available.

India

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to India: for immigration req if entering from or have had a lengthy airport transit from an African country.

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

To consider

Specific details related to India: Rabies is on the increase in India. Stay away from animals and vigilant if you do not have a rabies course before travel.

Rabies Only recommended if you will be in an area without access to medical attention within a few hours. Not needed for animal projects on our list as all animals are quarantined on entering sanctuaries. If you will be travelling off the beaten track from medical access after or before travelling (ie trekking or staying in a remote environment away from any town with facility) then the rabies jab may be advisable, the cost is between £100 and £150. You may need to allow a month to complete a course of jabs.

Thailand

Usually advised

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Thailand: for immigration if coming from an infected country. 

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

To consider

Specific details related to Thailand: Anti-Malaria tablets if travelling in free time or afterwards to border regions.

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Cambodia

Usually advised

Anti-Malaria tablets are ideally started 7 days before travel and should be continued for at least a week after leaving the area. But the best protection is both by tablets and taking precautions. Use a strong repellent, cover up early morning and evenings when mosquitoes prevalent and sleep under a net or in a room with screened windows or in front of a strong fan which makes it harder for mozzies to get to you. Spirals and electric plug-ins can also be used overnight for extra protection. If you develop cold like symptoms after travel and are worried, you should consult your doctor and tell them where you have been as malaria symptoms can appear up to 6 months after travel.

Hep A Ideally within 2 weeks of travel or up to a day before travel. Usually Free on NHS in the UK.

Tetanus Spread through contamination of cuts, burns and wounds with tetanus spores. Spores are found in soil worldwide. A total of 5 doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended for life in the UK. Boosters are usually recommended in a country or situation where the correct treatment of an injury may not be readily available.

Typhoid Spread through contaminated food and drink. Risk is highest where there is no sanitation and safe water. One jab or capsules at any time, ideally a month before travel. Majority of travellers affected are those who have lived amongst local people in poorer areas of India and other countries where visitors live with local people and sanitation is very poor. Usually free on the NHS in the UK or £25 at a travel health clinic.

Yellow Fever

Specific details related to Cambodia: if coming from an infected country or spent more than 12 hours in an airport where there is risk.

For countries which require a Yellow Fever certificate as an immigration requirement, the certificate becomes valid 10 days after the jab was given. So it is a good idea to get your Yellow Fever jab in good time and then apply for the visa. Usual cost £50. If in doubt and you are only having the jab to comply with visa regulations, check with the Consulate/Embassy for the country you are visiting before making an appointment as requirements can change.

To consider

Specific details related to Cambodia: Japanese Encephalitis is a risk for long stay visitors. 

Encephalitis For the south of India and Cambodia. First jab 6 weeks before travel, second jab 1 week before travel. Approx. £50 in the UK from the NHS where available.

Getting organised

Most jabs do not usually require more than a couple of weeks notice or a month at most. If your doctor advises that you need more time this is often because of limited availability for appointments. It is not uncommon for volunteers to be advised in the summer they needed 6 months to get organised when in January at the same health centre, 3 weeks would have been sufficient. Your doctor should advise you of alternative centres to obtain your jabs if they are busy. Fees can sometimes apply and vary depending where you live. Do be aware that health advice is increasingly varied. Many doctors and travel nurses will expect you to know about what you need when you come to the appointment, rather than advising you based on the ‘country’ alone. Others may suggest the full list of jabs for your destination based on the worst case scenario of a health worker in a crisis zone with no running water and days from the nearest hospital, so do make sure you quickly offer as many details as you can before the consultation is concluded. You don’t want to spend lots of money unnecessarily for the sake of a miscommunication.

To summarise: what they really want to know is:

(i)If you will be drinking water which may have been contaminated with sewage to recommend the cholera jab. This is highly unlikely as all volunteers tend to drink the following: bottled water, fizzy bottled drinks or boil water for tea/coffee.

(ii)If you will be living in overcrowded poorer conditions living alongside local people certain jabs may be recommended. This is usually only the case for a programme like the Kenya Masai where volunteers live with poorer local families. If you have read the Trip Info notes for your project and are still unsure on living arrangements, pop us an email.

(iii)How far you will be from a modern hospital which can provide treatment. This will usually apply for advice on rabies. If you were trekking in a remote area many days from a hospital or working with wild animals you would probably be advised to have a rabies shot.

(iv)Whether you will be physically caring for people who are extremely sick, working on a maternity ward or other types of healthcare requiring physical contact, for example where you might share bodily fluids. In most cases this would be followed by a Hep B recommendation. Most health workers in the UK are automatically offered Hep B for their job.

To make things a bit easier we’ve put together an easy at a glance checklist for each destination on our list. It is not a comprehensive list, but covers the main areas based on the typical experience for a ‘typical’ volunteer on one of our projects.

If you are planning to travel afterwards or participating in a specific activity, you may need more jabs than is needed for your volunteer placement so please do not limit yourself to these suggestions based solely on your volunteering as we cannot know what you will do in your free time.

The advice which follows has been collected and put together from the following recognised travel health websites: fitfortravel, World Health Organisation.

Select your destination on the map to see the usual requirements and scroll down for more information on each.

Find a travel clinic near you

If you are in the UK contact your local doctor’s surgery.
If you are at University – your University should have a doctor’s surgery that you will be automatically registered with.

If appointment waiting times are prohibitive, it will be too late to spread a course of jabs out in time or your doctor’s surgery does not have what you need in stock (they can run out in peak travel times) then an independent travel clinic may be able to help. Start your search with “travel clinic” + your home town. If there are no search results, search in the nearest large town or city to where you live. There are a few hundred independent ones in the UK.

Some jabs can be organised at selected UK airports, although it is not a good idea to have some jabs at the very last minute as some require more time to take effect.

Reminder!

If you are in any doubt – please refer to the advice given in the first instance by a trained travel health professional.